Textbook Notes (368,856)
Canada (162,212)
Psychology (9,697)
PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 17


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Zachariah Campbell

USING PUNISHMENT TIME OUTAND RESPONSE COSTChapter17 Punishment is a basic behavioral principleoccurs when a behavior is followed by a consequence that results in a decrease in the future probability of the behaviorConsequence of a behavior may involve the presentation of an aversive stimulus positive stimulus or the removal of a reinforcing stimulus negative punishmentPunishment procedures are typically used only after functional interventionextinction differential reinforcement and antecedent manipulationsIf functional procedures are ineffective punishment procedures may be considered but controversialAn aversive stimulus is any stimulus whose contingent presentation decreases the future probability of a behaviorTwo common negative punishment proceduresTimeout and Response costTimeOut The procedure in which a student was removed from the reinforcing activity in the classroom for a few minutes contingent on an instance of the problem behavior aka A form of time out iscontingent observation Decrease the occurrence of different problem behaviorsChild removed from the reinforcing situation for a brief periodWhat other behavioral procedures were used in conjunction w timeout in these examplesDifferential reinforcement of alternative behavior can be usedEg if Cheryl played appropriately the teacher reinforced this behavior with attention Types of Time Out Timeoutdefined as the loss of access to positive reinforcers for a brief period contingent on the problem behaviorwhich result is a decrease in the future probability of the problem behavior Time out from positive reinforcement1 Nonexclusionary time out Cheryl remained in the classroom after the problem behavior but had to sit across the room from where the other children playedthus removed from the reinforcing activityInteraction while still remaining in the room The person remains in the room while being removed from access to positive reinforcers2 Exclusionary TimeoutContingent on the problem behavior Kenny was taken out of the room where he was TV or playing He was taken to a room where these reinforcers were not availableThe person is removed from the room the reinforcing environment where the problem behavior occurred and is taken to another room This removes the person from all sources of positive reinforcement Using Reinforcement with TimeOutWhen using time out you should also use a differential reinforcement procedureTimeout procedure eliminates access to positive reinforcers contingent on the problem behavior important for the person to have access to positive reinforcer through a DRA or DRO procedures
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