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Psychology (9,695)
PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 17

Chapter 17

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Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 17 Using Punishment: Time-Out and Response Cost A variety of punishment procedures can be used to decrease a problem behavior However, punishment procedures typically are used only after functional nonaversive interventions extinction, differential reinforcement, and antecedent manipulations have been implemented or manipulated When these procedures are implemented and result in a decrease in the problem behavior, punishment procedures are unnecessary The use of punishment procedures can be controversial some believe it may violate rights therefore, punishment procedures usually are not the first choice of interventions for decreasing problem behaviors If a punishment procedure is used, it is often a negative punishment procedure involving the removal of reinforcing events after a problem behavior time-out and response cost Time-Out Removal from the reinforcing activity contingent on an instance of a problem behavior After the problem behavior, the person is removed from the reinforcing situation for a brief period Types of Time-out Time-out the loss of access to positive reinforcers for a brief period contingent on the problem behavior; result = decrease in the future probability of the problem behavior Time-out is short for time-out from positive reinforcement Two types of time-out: o Nonexclusionary time-out The person remains in the room while being removed from access to positive reinforcers Most likely to be used when the person can be removed from the reinforcing activities or interactions while still remaining in the room, and the presence of the person in the room will not be disruptive to others in the environment o Exclusionary time-out www.notesolution.com
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