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Chapter 8

CHAPTER 8.docx

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Zachariah Campbell

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CHAPTER 8 RESPONDENT CONDITIONING respondent condition involves the manipulation of antecedent stimuliDefining respondent condition Unconditioned responses responses are elicited by antecedent stimuli even though no conditioning or learning has occurred An UR occurs in all healthy ppl when an unconditioned stimulus US is presented Humans have evolved to respond to USs because the URs have a survival value respondent conditioning is also called classical condition ivan pavolov was the first to demonstrate this ring bell give dog meat salivates Eventually ring belldog salivates just about any stimulus can become a conditioned stimulus if it is paired a number of times w a unconditioned stimulusTiming of the neutral stimulus and unconditioned stimulus the unconditioned stimulus should occur immediately after the onset of the neutral stimulus the timing increases the likelihood that the neutral stimulus will become conditioned as a CS Trace conditioning the neutral stimulus precedes the unconditioned stimulus but the NS ends before the US is presented Here the sound then meat given to dog Delay conditioning the neutral stimulus is presented and then the unconditioned stimulus is presented before the NS ends Here the sound meat given to dog Sound ends Simultaneous conditioning the neutral stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus are presented at the same time Sound and meat presented at same time Backward conditioning the uncond
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