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Psychology (9,578)
PSYB45H3 (1,061)
Chapter 10

CHAPTER 10.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

CHAPTER 10 PROMPTING AND TRANSFER OF STIMULUS CONTROLPrompting prompts are used to increase the likelihood that a person will engage in the correct behaviour at the correct time prompts are stimuli given before or during the performance of a behaviourthey help the behaviour occur so that the teacher ca n provide reinforcement Verbal prompts telling the person how to do the behaviour Gestural prompt motioning the behaviour to show the person Modeling prompt showing the person how to do the behaviour Physical prompt physically guiding the person through the correct behaviourFading fading is one way to transfer stimulus control from the prompts to the SD gradually remove the prompts until the behaviour is occurring in the presence of the SD wo any supplemental stimuli teaching isnt complete until prompts are completely faded and the behaviour is under the stimulus control of the natural SDengaging in the correct behaviour wo prompts is the goal of prompting and fading Ultimately the SD must have stimulus control over the behaviour prompting and fading help to establish appropriate stimulus control prompting gets the correct behaviour to occur fading transfer stimulus control to the SDTypes of prompts Response prompts the behaviour of another person that evokes the desired response in the presence of the SD Verbal prompts when the verbal behaviour of another person results in the correct response in presence of the SD it is a verbal prompt when you say something that helps the person engage in the correct behaviour eg instructions hints rules reminders questions or any other verbal assistanceGestural prompts any physical movement or gesture of another person that leads to the correct behaviour in the presence of the SD is considered a gestural prompt BUT if the person demonstrates or models the entire behaviour it is considered a modeling prompt usually pointing is a gestural promptModeling prompts any demonstration of the correct behaviour by another person that makes it more likely that the correct behaviour will occur at the right time is a modeling prompt this demonstration is also called modeling a person observes the model and imitates the modeled behaviour makes the correct response in the presence of the SD
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