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Chapter 2

PSYB45H3 Y Chapter 2.docx

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Zachariah Campbell

PSYB45H3 Y Chapter 2pg.21 Behavioral assessment - measurement of the target behavior(s) in behavior modification - behavior assessment is important because o It provides info on if treatment is necessary o Can help choose the best treatment o Measurement before and after treatment allows you to determine whether the behavior changed after the treatment was implemented 2 types of behavior assessment: 1. Indirect – involves using interviews, questionnaires, and rating scales to obtain info on target behavior from the person exhibiting the behavior/from others 2. Direct – a person observes + records target behavior as it occurs Steps needed to develop a behavior-recording plan: 1. Defining the target behavior – you must identify what the person says/does that constitutes the behavioral XS/deficit targeted for change - Interobserver reliability (IOR): 2 people independently observe the same behavior and both record that the behavior occurred 2. Determining the logistics of recording - Self-monitoring: when client observes + recordes their own behavior - Observation period: the specific period where the observer records the target behavior - Natural setting: consists of places in which target behavior typically occurs. Opposite: contrived setting - Structured: observer arranges for specific events/activities to occur during observation period - Unstructured: no specific events/activities/instructions are given during observation period 3. Choosing a recording method - Continuous: records every instance of behavior occurring during observation period i. Frequency  rate (frequency/time) ii. Duration (duration/time) iii. Real-time recording – exact time of onset/offset of target behavior is recorded iv.
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