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Chapter 24

Chapter 24 Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 24 Fear and anxiety reduction procedures are based on principles of operant and respondent conditioning. Fear: composed of both operant and respondent behaviour. Anxiety: the bodily responses are respondent behaviours called - The Automatic NS involved in anxiety is an establishing operation that makes it more likely that the person will engage in escape or avoidance behaviour at that time. - Sometimes a problem behaviour that appears to be a fear or anxiety problem is simply an operant behaviour with no respondent behaviour or fear component. ---Problem ( and vice versa) *Operant behaviour positively or negatively reinforced Relaxation Training: strategies people use to decrease the autonomic arousal that they experience as a component of fear and anxiety problems. Relaxation behaviours, that results in bodily responses opposite to the autonomic arousal. -Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR): the person systematically tenses and relaxes each of the major muscle groups in the body. Tensing and relaxing the muscles leaves them more relaxed than in their initial state. PMR teaches people to control their own muscle ten
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