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Chapter 12

PSYB45 - Chapter 12.docx

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Zachariah Campbell

Behavior Modification: Principles & Procedures Chapter 12 – Behavioral Skills Training Procedures  Four behavioral skills training (BST) procedures – modeling, instructions, rehearsal, and feedback – generally are used together in training sessions to help a person acquire useful skills (such as social or job-related skills)  BST procedures are typically used to teach skills that can be simulated in a role-play context  With modeling the correct behavior is demonstrated for the learner to imitate – the learner has to be able to pay attention and imitate the behavior d o A models behavior becomes an S for imitation, and imitation becomes a generalized response o Modeling may be live or symbolic: in live modeling, another person demonstrates the appropriate behavior in the appropriate situation; with symbolic modeling, the correct behavior is demonstrated on videotape, audiotape, or possibly cartoon or movie  Factors that influence modeling: there should be a reinforcer for successful modeling, model should resemble the people observing the model or should have high status, complexity of model should be appropriate, learner has to pay attention to the model to learn the behavior, modeled behavior must occur in the proper context, learners should have an opportunity to rehearse behavior  Instructions describe the appropriate behavior for the learner – to be most effective, instructions should be specific  Rehearsal is the opportunity for the learner to practice the behavior after receiving instructions or watching a model demonstrate the behavior o The teacher cannot be sure that the learner
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