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Chapter 18

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Zachariah Campbell

Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures Chapter 18 – Positive Punishment Procedures and the Ethics of Punishment  In positive punishment, aversive events are applied contingent on the occurrence of a problem behavior, and the result is a decrease in the future probability of the behavior  Two major categories of aversive events are used in positive punishment procedures: the application of aversive activities and the application of aversive stimulation  Application of aversive activities is when an individuals is made to engage in an aversive activity (low probability behavior) contingent on the problem behavior  The Premack principle states that when the requirement to engage in a low- probability behavior (the aversive activity) is made contingent on the occurrence of a high probability behavior (the problem behavior), the high probability behavior will decrease in the future  Overcorrection: client is required to engage in an effortful behavior for an extended period contingent on each instead of the problem behavior; two forms of overcorrection: positive practice and restitution o In position practice, the client has to engage in correct forms of relevant behavior for an extended period o In restitution, the client must correct the environmental effects of the problem behavior and restore the environment to a cond
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