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Chapter 19

PSYB45 - Chapter 19.docx

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Zachariah Campbell

Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures Chapter 19 – Promoting Generalization  Generalization is defined as the occurrence of the behavior in the presence of stimuli that are similar in some way to the S that was present during training  One way to promote generalization is to reinforce the behavior when it occurs outside the training situation in the presence of relevant stimuli, in this way, all relevant stimuli develop stimulus control over the behavior  Another strategy is to train skills that will result in natural contingencies of reinforcement in relevant situations; if you cannot provide reinforcement for the behavior in relevant situations outside the training situation, it is important for natural reinforcers to be present (ex., asking the teacher “how is my work?”)  When the trainer is not able to reinforce occurrence of generalization and there are no existing natural contingencies of reinforcement, generalization may be promoted by modifying the c
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