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Chapter 20

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Zachariah Campbell

Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures Chapter 20 – Self-Management  When a person uses behavior modification procedures to change his or her own behavior, the process is called self-management  According to Skinner, self-management involves a controlling behavior and a controlled behavior – the person engages in the controlling behavior to influence the future occurrence of the controlled behavior  The controlling behavior involves implementing self-management strategies in which the antecedents and consequences of the target behavior or alternative behaviors are modified; these strategies make the controlled behavior (target behavior) more likely  Goal-setting involves writing down the criterion level of the target behavior and the time frame for the occurrence of the behavior  Can use antecedent manipulations described in chapter 16 o All self-management procedures involve antecedent manipulations because the person engages in some controlling behaviors in advance of the target behavior to be controlled  A behavioral contract is a written document in which you identify the target and arrange consequences contingent on a specified level of the target behavior in a specific time period. Although another person (the contract manager) applies the consequences, a behavioral contract is considered to be a type of self-management strategy because the behavior of entering into the contract is a controlling behavior designed to influence the future occurrence of
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