Textbook Notes (363,664)
Canada (158,520)
Psychology (9,578)
PSYB45H3 (1,061)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 1: Introduction Characteristics that define behaviour: • Behaviour is what people do and say, is not a static characteristic of person • Have one or more dimensions that can be measured: frequency- count the number of times a behaviour occurs, duration- time from when an instance of behaviour starts until it stops, intensity- physical force involved in behaviour = all physical dimensions • Can be observed, described, recorded • Can impact on environment, including physical or social • Is lawful, occurrence is systematically influenced by environmental events • May be overt or covert. Often behaviour modification procedures used to understand and change overt behaviours. Overt: an action that can be observed and recorded by a person other than the one engaging in behaviour. Covert: private events, not observable by another person ie. Thinking. Behaviour modification: • Field of psychology concerned with analyzing and modifying human behaviour • Analyzing: identifying functional relationship between environmental events and particular behaviour to understand reasons for behaviour or to determine why person behaved as he or she did • Modifying: developing and implementing procedures to help people change behaviour. Involves altering environmental events so as to influence behaviour Characteristics: • Focus on behaviour. Designed to change behaviour, not personal characteristic or trait. Deemphasizes labelling • Behavioural excesses and deficits are targets for change with behaviour modification • Behaviour to be modified is called target behaviour • Excess: an undesirable target behaviour the person wants to decrease in frequency, duration, intensity. Ie. Smoking • Deficit: desirable target behaviour person wants to increase in frequency, duration, intensity. Ie. Exercise • Procedures based on behavioural principles • Scientific study of behaviour is called experimental analysis of behaviour • Scien
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