Textbook Notes (368,125)
Canada (161,663)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 22

Chapter 22

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Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 22: The Token Economy Conditioned reinforcers used systematically to strengthen desirable behaviours or individuals participating in educational or treatment programs Example: Sammy in juvenile offenders program, got points for engaging in desirable behaviours (making bed, showering...), points taken away for antisocial behaviour. Can exchange points for privileges (watching tv) Defining a Token Economy To strengthen clients desirable behaviours that occur too infrequently and to decrease undesirable behaviours in structured treatment environment or educational setting Each point received by adolescents for desirable behaviour is a token Token delivered immediately after desirable behaviour and later exchanged for backup reinforcers Because token paired with other reinforcers, becomes conditioned reinforcer that strengthens desirable behaviour it follows Backup reinforcers chosen because they are known to be powerful reinforcers for clients in treatment environment Basic components of token economy: o Desirable target behaviours to be strengthened o Tokens to be used as conditioned reinforcers o Backup reinforcers to be exchanged for tokens o Reinforcement schedule for token delivery o Rate at which tokens are exchanged for backup reinforcers o Time and place for exchanging tokens for backup reinforcers o In some cases, response cost component, in which undesirable target behaviours to be eliminated are identified, together with rate of token loss for each instance of these behaviours Implementing a Token Economy Defining the t
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