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PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 25

Chapter 25

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Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 25: Cognitive Behaviour Modification Used to help people change behaviours that are labelled as cognitive Target behaviour must be identified and defined in objective terms so that its occurrence can be recorded True for overt or covert behaviours Overt behaviours, involves direct observation and recoding of behaviour by an independent observer or by person exhibiting target behaviour (self-monitoring) Covert behaviours cannot be observed directly and recorded, so person engaging in cognitive behaviour must identify and record occurrence of behaviour Cognitive behaviours: verbal or imaginal responses made by person that are covert. people think, talk to self, solve problems, evaluate self, make plans, imagine specific behaviours or situations, etc To be behavioural definition of cognitive behaviour, thought, image, or self-statement must be described clearly by person engaging in behaviour Functions of Cognitive Behaviour Cognitive behaviour may be distressing to person, may function as conditioned stimulus (CS) that elicits an unpleasant conditioned response (CR) Cognitive behaviours can also function as discriminative stimuli (SD) for desirable behaviours May function as establishing operations (EO) that influence power of consequences to function as reinforcers or punishers May also be function as reinforcing or punishing consequences when they follow some behaviour ie, praise statements or critical statements by be reinforcing or punishing Cognitive Behaviour Modification Procedures Cognitive restructuring: designed to replace specific maladaptive cognitive behaviours with more adaptive ones Cognitive coping skills training: designed to teach new cognitive behaviours needed to cope effectively with problem situations o Used in t
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