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Psychology (9,697)
PSYB45H3 (1,081)
Chapter 21

Chapter 21

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 21 Habit Reversal Procedures Habit reversal procedures are used to decrease the frequency of undesirable habit behavior Habit behaviors often do not interfere to any great extent with the persons social functioning; they tend to be more of an annoyance to the person or to significant others in the persons life When the habit behavior occurs frequently or with high intensity, the person may seek treatment for the problem and may be seen as a habit disorder Defining Habit Behaviors Nervous Habits o Nail-biting is a common type of nervous habit o Other examples include twirling or stroking hair, tapping a pencil, chewing on a pen, cracking knuckles, thumb-sucking etc. o Involve repetitive, manipulative behaviors that are believed to be most likely to occur when the person experiences heightened nervous tension o Believed to diminish nervous tension; in some cases, they may serve a self-stimulatory function o Can occur while other voluntary activities are occurring o In most cases, they involve the use of hands; may also involve oral behaviors such as lip-biting o Many nervous habits do not cause any problems for the person unless the frequency or the intensity of the behavior becomes extreme o Body-focused repetitive behavior problems nervous habits that result in physical damage or physical damage or negative social evaluations Motor and Vocal Tics o Repetitive, jerking movements of a particular muscle group in the body o Usually involve muscles in the neck or face but may also involve the shoulders, arms, legs or torso o Facial tics may involve squinting, forceful blinking, eyebrow raising etc. o Motor tics may include movements of the head forward, backward, or to the side www.notesolution.com
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