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PSYB45H3 (1,056)
Chapter 14

Chapter 14 Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 14 Extinction ( eliminating the reinforcing consequence for a behavior results in a decrease in the frequency of the behavior) to eliminate a problem behavior because it is no longer reinforced and therefore will decrease in frequency You first have identify the reinforce that maintain the problem behavior and then eliminate it Should be the first approach to be considered for treating problem behaviors You cant assume that a particular reinforce is maintaining a problem behavior. The same problem behavior exhibited by different people may be maintained by different reinforcers Problem behaviors may be maintained by positive reinforcement when the behavior results in the presentation of a stimulus event or negative reinforcement when the behavior results in escape from some stimulus event When considering the use of extinction to decrease a problem behavior you must determine that the change agent (a person involved in the problem behavior situation) can control the reinforcer that maintains the problem Can only be implemented if the change agent can prevent the reinforcing consequence each time the problem behavior
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