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Chapter 25

Chapter 25

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 25 Cognitive Behavior Modification People trained in behavior analysis do not favor the term cognitive for a variety of reasons; however, the term is used widely in clinical psychology and behavior therapy Defining Cognitive Behavior Modification Defining Cognitive Behavior o The target behavior must be identified and defined in objective terms so that its occurrence can be recorded o This is true for overt behaviors, as well as covert behaviors such as cognitive behaviors o Because cognitive behaviors are covert, they cannot be observed directly and recorded by an independent observer o Rather, the person engaging in the cognitive behavior must identify and record the occurrence of the behavior o People think, talk to themselves, solve problems, evaluate themselves, make plans, imagine specific behaviors or situations and so forth these are all instances of cognitive behavior; they are verbal or imaginal responses made by the person that are covert, and thus not observable to others o To be able to work with cognitive behaviors, we must work with the client to objectively define these behaviors o To be a behavioral definition of a cognitive behavior, the thought, image, or self-statement must be described clearly by the person engaging in the behavior o A label for the cognitive behavior is not a behavioral definition (ex. Low self-confidence) Functions of Cognitive Behavior o Cognitive behavior maybe distressing to the person; it may function as a CS that elicits an unpleasant CR (ex. A persons fearful thoughts can function as a CS to elicit anxiety as a CR) Cognitive behaviors that elicit undesirable CRs such as anxiety are behavioral excesses that can be decreased with cognitive behavioral modification procedures o Cognitive behaviors can also function as discriminative stimuli S s for desirable behaviors After reciting a rule or self-instruction, a person may be more likely to engage in the desirable behavior specified by the rule or self-instruction www.notesolution.com
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