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Chapter 23

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Semester
Winter

Description
CH.23 BEHAVIORAL CONTRACTS - Behavioral contract also called a contingency contract or a performance contract is a written agreement between 2 parities in which one or both parties agree to engage in a specified level of a target behavior or behaviors. It also states the consequence that will be administered contingent on the occurrence or non-occurence of the behavior Components of a Behavioral Contract 1. Identify the target behaviors 2. Stating how the target behaviors will be measured. The ppl responsible for implementing the behavioral contract (the contract manager or participants) must have objective evidence of the occurrence of the target behaviors. Acceptable methods include permanent products of the behaviors or direct observation and documentation of the behavior by the contract manager or by an agreed-upon third party. 3. Stating when the behavior must be performed. 4. Identify the reinforcement or punishment contingency. The contract manager uses positive or negative reinforcement or positive/negative punishment to help the client perform (or refrain from) the target behavior stated in the contract. 5. Identify who will implement the contingency. It can be both parties or just one of them to engage in specified levels of a target behavior. Type of Behavioral Contracts - 2 types of behavioral contracts: one-party and two-party contracts. One-Party Contracts - One party contract is also called a unilateral contract, one person seeks to change a target behavior and arranges reinforcement or punishment contingencies with a contract manager, who implements the contingencies. - A one-party contract is used when the person wants to increase desirable behaviors (exercise, studying, good eating habits, etc.) or decrease undesirable behaviors (over-eating, nail-biting, excessive tv watching, etc.). anyone can be the contract manager - Contract manager must not stand to gain from the contract contingencies Two-Party Contracts - Two party contract or bilateral contract where both parties identify target behaviors for change and the contingencies that will be implemented for the target behaviors. - Jacobson and Margolin called this a quid pro quo contract (one thing is given in return for another). Problems may arise if one party fails to perform the behavior identified in the contract. Problem of not performing the behavior identified in the contract can be avoided if a separate contingency is established for each person’s target behaviors rather than making one person’s target behavior the consequence for the other person’s target behavior. - Parallel contract is a contract where the contingency of the target behaviors for
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