Textbook Notes (359,019)
Canada (156,000)
Psychology (9,442)
PSYB45H3 (1,028)
Chapter 22

Chapter 22 Summary Guide

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School
University of Toronto Scarborough
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 22: THE TOKEN ECONOMY Defining a Token Economy Token economy: used with adolescents in a residential treatment program Strengthens the clients desirable behaviours that occur too infrequently & to decrease undesirable behaviour in a structured treatment environment Token: each point received by the client for desirable behaviour The token is later exchanged for backup reinforcers Since the token is paired with other reinforcers, it becomes a conditioned reinforcer that strengthens desirable behaviour The following are basic components of a token economy: The desirable target behaviours to be strengthened The tokens to be used as conditioned reinforcers The backup reinforcers to be exchanged for the tokens A reinforcement schedule for token delivery The rate at which tokens are exchanged for the backup reinforcers Implementing a Token Economy Defining the Target Behaviours The target behaviours will vary in a token economy depending on the people being treated & the nature of the treatment environment Target behaviours might include academic skills in an educational setting The main criterion for choosing the target behaviour is that they are socially significant www.notesolution.com
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