Textbook Notes (369,204)
Canada (162,462)
Psychology (9,699)
PSYB57H3 (366)
George Cree (102)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6 Textbook Notes

4 Pages

Course Code
George Cree

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
PSYB57-10W-W06 -- Working Memory Learning Objectives: Explain the concept of working memory, and how it fits within a computer metaphor (pp. 240-241). Working memory: short term mental storage and manipulation operations (eg. phone number, tip, directions) - temporarily hold information, making those information high assessable Computer: 2 ways to store information (Hard Disk, Random-assess Memory (RAM)) - information stored permanently in a stable and reliable form - to use this information, you must retrieve it from the hard disk and load it into RAM - Hard disk = LTM, RAM = working memory - RAM has characteristics of working memory - working memory is a temporary workspace, RAM is cleared and reset when task has been executed - RAM is completely flexible with regard to content, any program can access any part of RAM - More RAM = more complex programs can run on it, the more programs can run on it Detail the history of the study of working memory, beginning with William Jamess primary memory and George Millers chunking theories (pp. 243-244). William Jamess Primary memory Primary memory = short term memory = working memory Secondary memory - long term memory - information cannot be retrieved without initiating an active cognitive process. Primary memory - short term memory - the initial repository in which information can be stored and made available to conscious inspection, attention, and introspection. George Miller - the capacity for short-term information storage is limited - suggest that people can only store seven items active in short term storage - items are high flexible, and subject to manipulation. - single items can group into higher level unites of organization - chunks - eg. area codes, words, phrases Describe the Brown-Peterson task and how it was used to discover sensory memory (pp. 244-245). Brown-Peterson task: test that short term memory was that information would be viable only for a very brief period if it were not rehearsed - eg. memorize count to 100 by 3 seconds (prevent rehearsal) recall - findings: after a delay as short as 6 seconds, recall accuracy declined to about 50% Sensory memory - even briefer than short term memory - a perceptual representation of a stimulus persisting for a few hundred milliseconds after the sensory input is gone. Explain theAtkinson-Shiffrin model of the relationship between short-term and long-term memory. Why was it called the modal model? (pp. 247-248). Atkinson - Shiffrin Model: highly influential because it laid out a comprehensive view of information processing in memory. In a nod to statistical notion of the mode, it is referred to as Modal model of memory. - information has to go through short-term memory, before storing in long term memory - other findings have shown that this was incorrect, patients with an impaired parietal lobe has a drastically impaired STM is able to store information in LTM like healthy individuals. Explain the Baddeley-Hitch model, which involves the central executive, the phonological loop, and the visuospatial scratchpad (pp. 248-250). www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.