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PSYB57H3 (369)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Gabriela Ilie

PSYB57- Chapter 6- Memory processes The levels of processing view The modal approach to memory is not universal; some psychologists believe that there is only one kind of storage for memory but different kinds of info processing take place within that store In the levels of processing model, memory is thought to depend not on how long material is stored or on the kind of storage in which the material is held but on the initial encoding of the info to be remembered This model doesnt believe in different memory stores (like STM and LTM) but focuses on different kinds of cognitive processing that people perform when they encode and later retrieve info Retention and coding of info depend on the kind of perceptual analysis done on the material at encoding In this model, improvement in memory comes not from rehearsal and repetition but from greater depth of analysis of the material Incidental learning- the retention of info even when it is not required of or even intended by the processer In one of Craik and Tulvings experiments, 3 kinds of questions were used. One asked whether the word was printed in capital letters (physical processing), the second asked whether the word sounded like the target word (acoustic processing) and the last asked if the word fit into a particular sentence (semantic processing). The depth of processing needed is greatest for the 3 kind of question and the least for the 1 question Participants remembered the words processed semantically best followed by words processed acoustically. However another finding from this study showed that participants spent more time answering questions about sentences than questions about capital letters Participants who were asked whether a word fit in a sentence showed poorer recall for simple sentences than more complex ones Craik and Tulving extended the levels of processing approach arguing that the elaboration of material could also aid recall www.notesolution.com
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