Textbook Notes (363,420)
Canada (158,366)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYB57H3 (369)
Chapter 1

chapter 1

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Gabriela Ilie

Chapter 1 COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY: HISTORY, METHODS, AND PARADIGMS INFLUENCES ON THE STUDY OF COGNITION Aristotle and Plato: wrote extensively on the nature of memory Plato--likened storing sth in memory to writing on a wax tablet. Compared the mind to an aviary in which many birds are flying, and memory retrieval to trying to catch a specific bird. Empiricism Knowledge comes from an individuals own experience. Recognize individual differences in genetics, but emphasize human natures malleable or changeable aspects. Believe ppl are the way they are, and have the capabilities they have, largely bcuz of previous learning (through the mental association) Locke, two distinct ideas could become joined in the mind simply bcuz they happened to occur or to be presented to the individual at the same time Environment plays a powerful role in determining ones intellectual abilities. Nativism Emphasizes the role of constitutional factors Some cognitive functions come built in, as part of our legacy as human beings. Hard-wired functions (such as STM) are attributed to innate structures of the human mind that form at birth, are not learned as a result of experience. Structuralism www.notesolution.com
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