PSYB64 Physiological Psychology
Chapter 1 Vocabulary Terms
Biological psychology: the branch of psychology in which the biological foundations of behavior,
emotions and mental processes are studied.
Mind-body dualism: a philosophical perspective put forward by Rene’ Descartes in which the body is
mechanistic, whereas the mind is separate and nonphysical.
Monism: a philosophical perspective characteristic of the neuroscience in which the mind is viewed as
the product of activity in the brain and nervous system.
Phrenology: the pseudoscientific notion that skull contours indicate personality and character traits.
Histology: the study of cells and tissues on the microscopic level.
Microtome: A device used to make very thin slices of tissue for histology.
Golgi silver stain: A stain developed by Camillo Golgi used to observe single neurons.
Nissl stain: a stain used to view populations of cell bodies.
Myelin stain: a stain used to trace neural pathways.
Horseradish peroxidase: a stain used to trace axon pathways from their terminals to points of origin.
Autopsy: the examination of body tissues following death.
Computerized tomography (CT): an imaging technology in which computers are used to enhance X-ray
Positron emission tomography (PET): an imaging technique that provides information regarding the
localization of brain activity.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): an imaging technique that provides very