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Chapter 1

PSYB64 Chapter 1 Terms

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Janelle Leboutillier

PSYB64 Physiological Psychology Chapter 1 Vocabulary Terms Biological psychology: the branch of psychology in which the biological foundations of behavior, emotions and mental processes are studied. Mind-body dualism: a philosophical perspective put forward by Rene’ Descartes in which the body is mechanistic, whereas the mind is separate and nonphysical. Monism: a philosophical perspective characteristic of the neuroscience in which the mind is viewed as the product of activity in the brain and nervous system. Phrenology: the pseudoscientific notion that skull contours indicate personality and character traits. Histology: the study of cells and tissues on the microscopic level. Microtome: A device used to make very thin slices of tissue for histology. Golgi silver stain: A stain developed by Camillo Golgi used to observe single neurons. Nissl stain: a stain used to view populations of cell bodies. Myelin stain: a stain used to trace neural pathways. Horseradish peroxidase: a stain used to trace axon pathways from their terminals to points of origin. Autopsy: the examination of body tissues following death. Computerized tomography (CT): an imaging technology in which computers are used to enhance X-ray images. Positron emission tomography (PET): an imaging technique that provides information regarding the localization of brain activity. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): an imaging technique that provides very
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