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Ted Petit (185)

PSYB65- Ch 9

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ted Petit

PSYB65 Ch 9 EmotionPlato suggested the head was for reason the liver for desire and the heart for anger Emotion the physical sensations of emotionprivate events that either are described to others or inferred by others Emotional states two components the physical sensation of the emotion and the cognitive experience of feeling of the emotion itself To perceive emotional states humans have become adept at monitoring physiological change in their bodies and in the bodies of others humans selfmonitor subjective cognitive states Ppl process the cognitive and physical aspects of emotional states in distinct neural circuitsthey work in concert to produce the unified percept of an emotionEmotional statesInternalExternal bhvrsInternal changes associated w the autonomic nervous system heart rate blood pressure stomach motility butterflies perspiration External changes associated w verbal statements facial expressions thoughts related to experienceEmotional states in others can provoke emotional states in ourselves Darwin was the first to recognize basic emotional states and that it occurred innately in kids and thus not learned Universal emotional states primarily through invariant facial expressions adaptive purpose First crosscultural studies of facial expressions was performed on the Fore tribe in New Guineathey were quite accurate in matching faces w stories and attributing emotional states to the expressions in the photos they also made facial expressions similar to those of Europeans in response to emotional stimuli Babies as young as 4 can evaluate the emotional expressions of others Ekman suggests that for an emotional state to be considered as basic it must exhibit the following debatable Distinctive facial expressionDistinctive physiological stateFacial expressions and physiological states that occur together are hard to separateInstantaneous onset of the facial expression and physiological state Distinctive eliciting stimuli Automatic appraisal of the eliciting stimuli not a result of deliberate cognitive appraisal Similar expression of emotional states in the related primatesSome emotional reactions to specific stimuli are learned responses to situations that the person has encounteredother phobias appear to be innate Snake and spider phobias are very common crossculturallycommon phobias are elicited by stimuli that are relevant to survivalevolved mechanism to produce fear of specific dangerous stimuli that were important in our evolutionary historyOther emotions may motivate us to perform certain bhvrs that may be adaptiveEg Social anxietythe consequence of the desire to be like by other group members Emotional states act as signals to ensure that bhvrs occur or dont appropriately especially in social situations shame and pridesocial functionsstatus Facial expressions serve as predictive signals Some emotional states dont have characteristic facial expressions bc some emotional states are better kept private lust
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