Textbook Notes (368,040)
Canada (161,588)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB65H3 (479)
Ted Petit (185)
Chapter 7

Chapter 7: Memory

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB65H3
Professor
Ted Petit
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 7 Memory Module 71 Types of Memories What is Memory o Learning a relatively permanent change in behaviour as a function of experience demonstrated as a change in behaviours due to experience showing that they remember those experiences o Experiencedependent behaviour learning and memory o Learning concerned with attending to information encoding it and storing it for later use consolidation o Memory concerned with retrieving stored informationProblems in encoding consolidation or retrieval of information will impair function Sensory Memory and Shortterm Memory o Sensory memoriesIconic memory visually basedMeasured using a tachistoscopeCan direct your memory to particular feature ex Line of letters after the line is gone indicating that have memory of it all for a short period of timeReading from a decaying traceVery fragile and can be erased with a bright lightColour motion and shape can be stored in iconic memoryTwo sides of brain perform task equally wellEchoic memory sound basedFragile and temporary Echoic memory trace is much stronger immediately after the perception of a sound o Short term memory responsible for holding information for periods beyond what can be stored by sensoryIs not permanent lasts a few secondsCan be any sensory modalityShort term visual memory hold info longer than iconic memoryShortterm auditory memory double take effect replaying comments to understand themCan hold about 7 units of informationChunking information allows more information to be heldBrown Peterson design when have to remember three random numbers and three random letters and then do distractor task they remember few of the lettersRetroactive interference inferred when the learning of new material interferes with recall of previously learned materialProactive interference when new learning is disrupted by previously learned materialTrace discrimination theory short term memories begin to degrade spontaneously over time and retrieval of short term memory requires that the info be distinct from other pieces of stored information Working Memory o Contains information that is going to be acted upon or used in some fashion o Does not have to come from environment can be info retrieved from long term memory o Can be held for relatively long time o Baddeleys model of Working Memory
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