Textbook Notes (368,336)
Canada (161,803)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYB65H3 (479)
Ted Petit (185)
Chapter 15

Chapter 15

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Ted Petit

Chapter 15 Organicity-> determine whether brain damage is present Before CT or MRI scanners, neuropsychologists determine whether brain damage present-> if damage, spent many hours of behavioural testing to localize it Now, seek to diagnose conditions not readily detectable by using neuroimaging (i.e. early detection of Alzheimers disease), assess quality of life+ evaluate clients capacity to succeed in present environment (i.e. if can return to work, should be moved from home to managed care facility), rehabilitation following brain injury The Client Patient, subject, participant, client If physician writes articlewritten in medical perspective: person referred to as patient (regardless of whether heshe is hospitalized) Research articles: subject (before 1994); participant (after 1994) Clinical neuropsychologists normally refer to people they assess as clients Younger people: nervous system damage (brain injuries) from motor vehicle accidents, falls Elderly people also suffer traumatic head injury, frequently from fall-> 65-70 years old Nervous system damage by older people mostly from disease (dementia, tumor, cerebrovascular accident) Age group between very young+ very old: motor vehicle accidents most commonly account Medical personnel or family members might refer clients Assessment prescribed by court or insurance agency Client might voluntarily present himselfherself for assessment In hospital, referral to neuropsychologist often comes from neurologist Neurologist Neurology: medical speciality that diagnoses, studies+ treats disorders of CNS www.notesolution.com Neurologist is special type of physician who diagnoses+ treats disorders of nervous system i.e. disorders of CNS (brain+ spinal cord)+ PNS (rest of body) Disorders are unknown etiology, caused by trauma, infection, tumors, toxins, metabolic disorders 2-4 years of premedical university training, 4 years of medical school= M.D. or D.O. (doctor of osteopathy) degree+ 3 years (or more) of speciality training in neurology residency program Trained for detailed examinations of neurological structures: test basic sensory+ motor functions, cognitive abilities Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) to obtain cerebrospinal fluid for further testing Consulting role: help diagnose+ treat neurological disorder while advising primary care physician on treatment Surgery performed by neurosurgeon Neurologist helps to monitor surgically treated individuals Radiologist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen: noticed glowing fluorescent screen from partially evacuated glass Hittorf-Crookes tube, penetrating thick black paper wrapped around tube-> X-rays X-rays can penetrate other solid materials i.e. wood, metal, human tissue Modern radiologists are rare group of physicians Specialized training in obtaining+ interpreting images of human body andor treating conditions using radiological science Complete premedical training, medical training+ residency in speciality Do not rely only on X-rays i.e. CT scan, MRI performed by specially trained technologist Scans reviewed+ interpreted by radiologist-> writes report detailing findings for primary care physicianneurologist Clinical Neuropsychologist Clinical neuropsychology: branch of neuropsychology concerned w psychological assessment, management, rehabilitation of neurological disease+ injury www.notesolution.com
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