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Psychology (9,695)
PSYC02H3 (41)
Anna Nagy (13)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2

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Anna Nagy

Chapter2WheretoStartHYPOTHESISandPREDICTIONSA hypothesis is a tentative idea or question that is waiting for evidence to support or refute itData must be gathered and evaluated in terms of whether the evidence is consistent or inconsistent with the hypothesis the evidencedata you collect will either support or refute your hypothesis once it is proposed Hypotheses are sometimes posed as informal research questions like do males and females differ in their use of cell phones while driving these questions help researchers formulate a procedure for collecting data to answer the questions Those informal research questions can be reworded to sound more formal so the question sated above can be phrased as a hypothesis that states there is a gender difference in use of cell phones while drivingBasically what youre doing in either case question or formalized hypothesis you are implying that two variables in this gender and cell phone use while driving are related After formulating the hypothesis the researcher will design a study to test the hypothesis At this point the researcher would make a specific prediction concerning the outcome of this experiment Going back to the aforementioned example the prediction might be men are more likely to use their cell phones while driving than women are duh Women are way more responsible than me P If the prediction is confirmed the hypothesis is supported if not then the researcher will either reject the hypothesis believe that there is no difference in cell phone usage whilst driving bw males and females or conduct further research using different methods to study the hypothesisIMPORTANTwhen research results confirm a prediction the hypothesis is only SUPPORTED NOT PROVEN Each time a hypothesis is supported by a research studyyou must test the hypothesis using a variety of methods then we become more confident that the hypothesis is correct WHOWESTUDYANOTEONTERMINOLOGYParticipants refer to the individuals who participate in research projects an equiv term in psychological research is subjects The publication manual of the APA now allows the use o either participants or subjects when describing humans who take part in psychological research Respondents people who take part in surveys Informants people who help researchers understand the dynamics of particular cultural and organizational settingsSOURCESOFIDEASCommonsenseCommon sense the things we all believe to be true
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