Textbook Notes (362,789)
Canada (158,053)
Psychology (9,545)
PSYC12H3 (294)
Chapter 7

Chapter 7 text book notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michael Inzlicht

chapter 7 - ageism ageism - prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination directed at someone because of their age reasons ageism is given special chapter - ever since 1945, academicians, policy makers, and politicians have focused on the baby boomers because of the unique phenomenon they represent relative lack of attention it has received from researchers who specialize in the study of stereotyping aging process represents a unique set of factors for researchers in prejudice an stereotyping people are cognitive misers - often reluctant to abandon stereotypes because stereotypes require little effortful cognition but they still get the job of social perception done fast - allows people to have no dissonance about their old friend, and they get to keep their stereotype of older people as a group Brewer et al. - when we do not have further specific information that allows us to place the individual in a subcategory, the superordinate category is used as a kind of default for thinking about the individual Schmidt and Boland - mixture of negative subcategories and positive subcategories of the elderly, with twice as many negative as positive subcategories www.notesolution.comnegative - despondent, mildly impaired, vulnerable, severely impaired, shrewcurmudgeon, recluse, nosy neighbour, bag ladyvagrant positive - John Wayne conservative, liberal matriarchpatriarch, sage, perfect grandparent Hummert - found two other subcategories - flexible senior citizen and self centered older person types of ageism - benign ageism - subtle type of prejudice that arises out of ones conscious and unconscious fears and anxiety of growing old malignant ageism - more negative stereotyping process in which older people are regarded as worthless Bell - media and television portrayals of older people have changed in positive ways over the decades; stubborn, eccentric, foolish, and comical characters - improvement reverse the past negative stereotypes of older people Palmore - positive stereotypes are indicative of positive ageism - prejudice and discrimination in favour of the aged; assumes that older people are in need of special care, treatment, or economic assistance eight common positive stereotypes people have - kind, happy, wise, dependable, affluent, politically powerful, enjoying more freedom and trying to retain their youth www.notesolution.com
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