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Chapter 12

Chapter 12 - Stereotype Threat Book

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michael Inzlicht

PSYC12 Inzlicht & Schmader Chapter 12 – Social Class and Test Performance, from stereotype threat to symbolic violence and vice versa 1. People who are rich have higher IQs than do the poor 2. There is a strong positive correlation between SAT scores and parental income 3. Some argue that this is hereditary; rich kids have higher IQs because they inherit smart genes from smarter parents 4. The opposite view of this is that IQ is the consequence rather than the cause of social class; poor kids have lower IQ because they are materially deprived and go to substandard schools 5. Stereotypes About Social Class 5.1. Social psychology has long neglected discrimination by social class 5.2. People from lower socioeconomic class (SES) were portrayed as unintelligent, uneducated, unmotivated, and irresponsible 5.3. The poor form one of the few social groups targeted by a clearly negative stereotype 6. Stereotype Threat and Social Class 6.1. Stereotypes of intellectual inferiority can affect intellectual achievement 6.2. When people from low SES were told by the researcher that the test was a measure of cognitive abilities, they performed worse than high SES peers. However when it is mentioned just as a simply laboratory exercise, there were no difference in abilities 6.3. There are two effects, a stereotype threat and a stereotype lift. When someone from low SES is primed in a threatening way (e.g., this test measures the intelligence of the poor), they will perform worse. In the same diagnostic study, the rich participants tend to do better than they did without the prime. This is called the stereotype lift 7. Intersectionality and Stereotype Threat 7.1. Intersectionality – refers to the reality that groups hold multiple statuses in society 7.2. This can explain why some debilitating effect of stereotype threat occurs for only certain combinations of identities (e.g., a disruption in a room full of women taking mat
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