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Chapter 7

Chapter 7 - Stereotype Threat Book

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Michael Inzlicht

PSYC12 Inzlicht & Schmader Chapter 7 – Stereotype Threat Spillover, the short- and long-term effects of coping with threats to social identity Stereotype threat spillover – a process whereby someone confronted with a negative stereotype comes to suffer effects in areas unrelated to the source of threat 1. This chapter asks what happens after people leave threatening environments. i.e., whether coping with the stress of negative stereotypes can spill over into a variety of other domains 2. Short-term effects of stereotype threat: after coping with stereotype threat, people can become more aggressive, eat more unhealthy foods, and have a tougher time paying attention 3. The long-term effects of stereotype threat: poor mental health (depression), poor physical health (obesity), and unhealthy behaviour (drug use) 4. A Stress and Coping Model of Stereotype Threat Spillover 4.1. This is a model that details the social-psychological processes whereby someone confronted with a negative stereotype comes to suffer short- and long-term effects in areas unrelated to the source of threat 4.2. This model assumes that targets of prejudice are more likely to face social identity stress than non-targets 4.3. Threatening environments can be thought of as settings in which people come to suspect that they could be devalued, stigmatized, or discriminated against because of a particular social identity 4.3.1.It may contain subtle cues, such as the number of female washrooms on the executive floor of a bank 4.4. Stigma-consciousness (or also called group-based rejection-sensitivity) – the extent to which someone is aware of and bothered by negative stereotypes about their group 4.5. Thus, situations and persons differ, and in specific situations, specific people will become uncertain about their standing and vigilant for cues that signal that their group is devalued 4.5.1.Sometimes subtle cues of stereotype are felt more keenly than overt ones 4.6. If an individual does not feel like the cues are present, or that they are not sensitive to those cues, they may not make identity-threat appraisals or experience further consequences 4.6.1.These are called identity safe environments 4.6.2.On the other hand, if cues that confirm stereotype relevance are present, they may make threat appraisals, setting in motion a chain of stress and coping responses PSYC12 Inzlicht & Schmader 4.7. As soon as identity-threat appraisal is made, people experience a physiological stress response characterized by increases in arousal. Individuals are motivated to disconfirm negative stereotypes 4.8. According to the integrated process model of stereotype threat, the mediator of the threat-performance link is loss of executive control 4.9. Whether someone will underperform or not, the key feature of this model is that this extra compensatory coping effort can result in a state called ego depl
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