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Chapter 4

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michael Inzlicht

PSYC12-Chapter 4: The Prejudiced Personality: Are some people more likely to feel prejudice? Psychodynamic Perspectives  Authoritarianism: rigid personality characterized by categorical thinking, submissiveness to authority, and adherence to middle- class values o These individuals tend to dislike anyone with is different from themselves and thus tend to have stereotypes and prejudice toward many groups o Adorno et al.  Authoritarians more than other individuals tended to hold prejudices against not just one group but many groups  Hate deviant impulses and are more likely to externalize these unacceptable impulses to others via projection Problems with the psychodynamic approach  Smith and Rosen o world-mindedness on the test scores o world mindedness is a concept that indicates one’s attitudes toward and acceptance of people from other countries o they found an inverse correlation (not good)  Martin and Westie (1959) o Suggested that prejudice may be a part of intolerant personality o These individuals tended to be suspicious of politicians, intolerant of ambiguity, more superstitious and inclined to believe in bizarre and mystical definitions of reality  Devine (1995) o This theory could not be generalized to a greater population o Does not explain why people who are not authoritarian show prejudice to at least one other group  Eberhardt & Fiske (1996) o The authoritarian-personality perspective suggests that there is little hope for change in the authoritarian individual to be more accepting of others o This is because authoritarians are not introspective, they do not believe there is anything their personality that needs to be changed or improved  Right-Wing Authoritarianism: the individual tends to be politically conservative, more punitive toward criminals, more likely to endorse orthodox religious views and very prejudiced toward out-groups o Altemeyer (1994)  People who are identified as high RWAs tend to be conservative politically, wish to restrict personal freedoms , are more punitive toward criminals and tend to hold more orthodox religious views  Also very prejudiced toward their outgroups Religion  Committed religiosity: religious viewpoint that allows an individual to hold a wide range of categories about which one can evaluate the world, and one’s ideas about the world and others tends to be more complex and open-minded  Consensual religiosity: religious viewpoint in which the individual tends to interpret religion more literally and concretely, make more generalizations about religion and be unreceptive to different ideas and opinions o Consensual religiosity was closely associated with prejudiced attitudes and committed religious beliefs were strongly associated with greater tolerance and nonprejudiced attitudes Extrinsic versus Intrinsic Religious Orientation  Extrinsic religious orientation: describes an individual who uses religion for their own purposes, attends church infrequently and tends to be more prejudiced toward others  Intrinsic religious orientation: describes a person who has internalized their religious values and lives according to these beliefs, attends church regularly, and tends
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