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Canada (161,803)
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PSYC12H3 (298)
Chapter 5

Chapter 5 PSYC12.docx

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Michael Inzlicht

Chapter 5 PSYC12 Where have all the bigots gone? • Prejudice was no long a natural thing ◦ individual chose that negative view of certain others, either through a moral defect, mental laziness, or both • stereotypes coming to be understood as attitudes (negative evaluations, rather than pictures in our heads) From Katz and Braly to Civil Rights, and Beyond • more positive qualities attributed to Caucasians thanAfricanAmericans ◦ few respondents attributed negative qualities to Caucasians and positive qualities toAas ◦ got better over the years ▪ changes in social, legal, and political climate of US seem to correspond with these changes Are Low-Prejudice People Really Low-Prejudice? • High degree of negativity in traits selected as stereotypical ofAas ◦ although personal beliefs in negative stereotypes ofAas appear to have decreased, knowledge of the cultural stereotype ofAas has remained the same ◦ Caucasians rather unanimously know about the negative things (and few positive things) that are stereotypically associated withAas via their early learning from parents or through society ◦ their willingness to personally believe, and also overtly express, such negative attitudes has changes Modern Racism • some whites are ambivalent towardAas ◦ conflicted between their anti-Black feelings and their beliefs that racism and discrimination are wrong • not issue whetherAas should be equal, but how that equality should be implemented in policy, law, and employment • believe that: ◦ discrimination is a thing of the past ◦ Aas are too pushy, trying to get into places where they are not welcome ◦ demands ofAas are unfair ◦ Aas gains are undeserved and unfair • do not consider themselves racist ◦ regard racism as old-fashioned ◦ negative feelings are disguised, to prevent dissonance associated with acknowledging the hypocrisy of prejudice and egalitarian values, as negative attitudes toward anyone who violates what they believe are traditionalAmerican values Symbolic Racism • blend of anti-Black affect and traditionalAmerican moral values embodied in the Protestant Ethic ◦ whites that would be classified as symbolic racists tend to resist changing the racial status quo in all areas of life – economically, socially, and politically • can deny having racist attitudes ◦ because they think racist is one who has old-fashioned racist beliefs ▪ hold toward group that do not seem to value traditionalAmerican values • eg. self-reliant, harding working, and individualistic • unlikely blacks will be regarded as this Aversive Racism • White americans who possess these racist beliefs and feelings alongside strong egalitarian values • reflects an ambivalence in Caucasians between their learned negative attitudes towardAas and their commitment to egalitarian values and beliefs • will take great pains to not do or say anything that appears to be prejudiced ◦ truly believe they are not prejudiced ◦ when they are in situation in which it is unclear whether there are social prohibitions against expressing negative racial beliefs ▪ feelings aboutAas may be expressed in subtle, easily justifiable ways ◦ when social norms are clearly anti prejudice, will behave in way that may appear very strongly egalitar
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