CH.1: Introduction to the study of Stereotyping and Prejudice
-“Groups are the basic building blocks of society”
-Tendency to form groups is basic part of the nature of animals
Ingroups: groups in which we belong to.
Outgroups: groups which we do not belong.
Minimal group: random assigning people to groups.
-People tend to show preferences for members of their own group over those of
Prejudice: A biased evaluation of a group, based on real/imaginary traits of the
Stereotypes: A set of attributes & traits associated with a group of people.
-A logical analysis of intergroup hostility suggests there is no rational bias for
disliking others simply because they belong to another group.
-However, humans are often far from logical in their thinking.
-Prejudice and stereotyping; such negative attitudes form the basis for subsequent
negative intergroup behavior.
-Most intense intergroup hostility difference in religious beliefs
-overt expressions of racial prejudice and intergroup hatred have declined
dramatically only, racial prejudice and stereotypes have not disappeared
-Stereotype derives from the term: a printing process in which fixed casts of
material are reproduced
-Lippmann used the word stereotype: “the tendency of people to think of someone
or something in similar terms based on a common feature shared by each”
-tell us what social info is important to perceive and to disregard in our
-pay attention to stereotype-consistent info and disregard info that’s inconsistent
with out stereotype
Stereotyping: From bad to neutral:
-used to be regarded as a negative, lazy way of perceiving social groups
-seen as an outward indicator of irrational, nonanalytic cognition
-Then, ALLPORT moved away from the bad: “A stereotype is an exaggerated belief
associated with a category” The Social-Cognitive Definition:
-In early 1970s, researchers came to regard stereotyping as an automatic process of
-Inherent in the nature of the way humans think about the world
-BRIGHAM: “A generalization made about a group concerning a trait attribution,
which is considered to be unjustified by an observer”