Textbook Notes (368,794)
Canada (162,165)
Psychology (9,697)
PSYC12H3 (298)
Chapter 3

chapter 3

5 Pages
78 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Semester
Fall

Description
PSYC12H3-PREJUDICEDAMI February-10-10 10:33PM CHAPTERTHREEE:FEELINGVERSUSTHINKINGIN THEACTIVATION ANDAPPLICATIONS OFSTEREOTYPES Mood: Affect influences accessibility of constructions in memory Determines which social representations are primed and what characteristics become activated Canalso influence extent to which individual uses information processing efforts Typesof Intergroup Affect Incidental affect: elicited by situations unrelated to intergroup Something external to your in-group Integral affect: elicited within intergroup causing stereotyping of the out-group(can arise from merely thinking about out-group) Brownppl are friggin annoying, just upon thinking about them Individuals should have stable feelings towards out-group as a whole (chronic out-group affect) Canhave instant reaction from interaction with out-group member(s) (episodic out-group affect) Chronic out-group affect Attitude object: something you have an attitude towards (anything) Assumed that evaluation of out-group member in future would be a simple recall of perceivers' initial/stored evaluation of the out-group member. Kinda like first impressions (think of when you visit Malvern mall) Assumed that affect associated with attitude is an enduring feature off the evaluation of the object Each time an object is perceived, it triggers beliefs associated with object as well as feelings AversiveRACISTS: believe they are egalitarian, see themselves as NON-racists(nonprejudiced), but do possess anti-black feelings If expressed in a subtle, rationalizable manner, individuals will feel no affective consequences (guilt, shame), and prevent conflict-related self negative affect Physical differences between races can fuel this negative affect Categorization into in-groups and out-group's has biasing effects, irrespective of objective evaluations of the individual being perceived INGROUPseen as: More similar in beliefs (we're all happy Jews) Evaluated favourably (good job on not failing) Receive more positive behaviours than out-group's (congrats on the baby, even though you're only 17) Seem more attractive (hey you're hot, even though that other Asian kid looks just like you) Back to black people : cultural stereotypes are that Blacks= lazy, ignorant, poor, likely to commit crimes=>social and cultural factors influencing aversive racists =ROFLCopter==> When a situation threatens to expose aversive racists' negative feelings, low- prejudice individuals will attempt to actively dissociate themselves from such feelings to act in an abnormally positive manner to convince others that they are un-prejudiced (BWAHAHA) When ppl feel negative affect; they are likely to describe out-group's via negative characteristics Anxiety is the most often experienced INTERGROUP interaction emotion Has disruptive effect on behaviour, thoughts and feeling of both parties (out-group member & perceiver) Canlead to increased stereotyping by perceiver to avoid future interaction with out-group Amount of intergroup contact can determine anxiety level prior to, or during interactions Minimal interaction, or prior conflict in contact, individuals will feel more anxiety prior to interaction Anxiety can promote stereotyping by affective consistency process (more negative thoughts) or rely on schemas more due to reduced cognitive ability (thanks a lot anxiety=makes you moreracist) Dijker (1987)Racialaffect felt by perceiver is dependent on degree of cultural dissimilarity of outsider (out-group member) Four types of emotion related to ethnic attitudes: Positive mood Anxiety Irritation concern Personal contact was related to less anxiety and more positive mood with similar cultural group ( funny lookin island ppl to funny lookin mainland ppl) Close contact was more negative with dissimilar cultural groups (pale ppl vs. pigmented ppl) The Emotion has disruptive properties on perception and tends to increase reliance on stereotype use in information processing of out-group membersstereotype use in information processing of out-group members Episodic out-group affect: Result of specific interaction with individual member of out-group, or from imagined interaction with outsider Affect can be similar or different from ones chronic out-group affect toward outsider Caninfluence individual perceiver's chronic out-group affect and enduring attitudes towards outsiders THUS.. It IS possible to change negative chronic out-group affect by opposing with positive episodic affect IncidentalAffect: Feeling with no origin due to outsiders Caninfluence persons' tendency to use stereotypes for social judgement XPT results: sad affect increased negative stereotypes towards Pakistanis and Natives Happiness=increased favourable stereotypes of own ethnic in-group affect INDUCED IN UNRELATED CONTEXT to out-group impacts judgements and attitudes to out-group Influence ofPOSITIVE AFFECT Positive affect influences how ppl categorize others, and shown to reduce extent of systematic processing Happy ppl process information less analytically=reliance on heuristics, and shortcuts Therefore more likely to use stereotypes EXCEPTION: confrontation with a radical departing from out-group typecast=increased analyses Bodenhauesn et al (1994)suggest that happy ppl are too lazy to expend effort for analyses to AVOID stereotyping If lazy ppl used effort, stereotyping could be avoided Effectsof NEGATIVE affect Angry participants tend to make more stereotypic judgements, and sad ppl did not differ from neutral participants (Bodenhausen 1994) Mildly sad ppl used more careful processing and were less likely to use stereotypes Onthe other hand, was seen that sad subjects showed no decrease in memory performance, even when task is resource intensive Negative mood ppl showed less attributional processing (sadness & anger) Less tolerant of others' political views (FELIX), but routes to this are different with each emotion Fear is mediated by personal threat and in-group enhancement (feeling insecure, but we're all feeling like that) Anger mediated by moral outrage and out-group derogation (Jews hoard a lot of mo
More Less

Related notes for PSYC12H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit