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Canada (161,837)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYC12H3 (298)
Chapter 3

PSYC12 Chapter 3

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 3: Feeling Versus Thinking In the Activation and Application of Stereotypes Mood Affect influences the accessibility of constructs in memory and thus may determine which of many social representations are primed and which characteristics in a given representation become activated. Types of Intergroup Affect o Incidental Affect: affect that is elicited by situations unrelated to the intergroup context. Incidental sad affect increased the tendency of participants to use negative stereotypes. Incidental happiness affect increased the likelihood of favorable stereotypes of their own ethnic ingroup. o Integral Affect: affect that is elicited within the intergroup context and involves the stereotyped outgroup and can arise merely from thinking about the outgroup. o Chronic Outgroup Affect: stable and enduring feelings toward the outgroup as a whole. Attitude Object: anything about which one forms an attitude. Because ones outgroup attitude was believed to be a stable evaluation of the outgroup and its members, it was assumed that any evaluation of the outgroup member in the future would be a direct result of the simple recall of the perceivers stored evaluation of the outgroup member. Each time the attitude object is remembered, the evaluation will trigger beliefs and other information associated with the object as well as enduring feelings associated with the attitude object. o Episodic Outgroup Affect: a reaction within an interaction with a specific outgroup member and can also result from the imagined interaction with an individual from the outgroup. It may be possible to change negative chronic outgroup affect toward the outgroup by the opposing impact of positive episodic outgroup affect. Aversive Racism: although the overt form of hostility and prejudice toward an outgroup may be much less prevalent, prejudice continues to exist in a more subtle form. o People in the ingroup are: Assumed to be more similar in beliefs Evaluated more favorably Recipients of more positive behavior by the perceiver than are members of outgroups. Found to be more attractive by the perceiver. o Low-prejudice individuals believe that they possess egalitarian values and their negative feelings are kept out of awareness. www.notesolution.com
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