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PSYC12H3 (298)
Chapter 3

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Semester
Winter

Description
Chp3: Feeling vs. Thinking in the Activation and Application of stereotypes Mood Are prejudices guided by stereotypes or our feelings for a person Traditonaly emotions were thought to contribute importantly to the development and endurance of stereotypes history would have us believe that emotion guides intergroup relations affect influences the accesability of constructs in memory and thus may determine which of many social representations are primed and which charactheristics in a given represention become activated Affect: Influnces o Effort exterted on information processing efforts o Social group labels through learning process o When affect andd with psychological arousal are related to a group member it affects how we interact with that person Types of Intergroup Affect o Incidental Affect affect elicited by situations unrelated to the intergroup context Studied more Feelings that do not come from outgroup For example you walk down the street and it begin to rain now you are sad this affects your intergroup affect by altering your base affect Stroessner and Mackie 1993 Induced incidental happiness or sadness in participants Both groups experienced reduced the perception of outgroup variability Used more negative sterotypes Happy ppl provide more lilely to provide especially favroable sterotypes of their own ethnic ingroup Incidental anxiety also facilitates the use of stereotypes Increases outgroup homogenisticy o Affect induced in a circu,stances unrelated to the outgroup can have an impact on attitudes toward the outgroup --- o Integral Affect affect that is elicited within the intergroup contex and involves the stereotyped outgroup Have not been studied that much Can even arise from justing thinking about the outgroup Chronic Outgroup affect stable feeling towards the outgroup as a whole Stable, enduring evaluations of an attitude object At attitude object o Anything about which someone forms an attitude, personal place anything The reason the affect is stable is because it draws on the stable evuluvation or attitude about that outgroup The affect one feels toward the out-group as a result of ones enduring attitude toward the out-group chronic outgroup effect every time we recall that outgroup all that associated evulvations are brought up These feeling are different from affective reaction of dealing with a particular individual of the outgroup Episodic Outgroup affect affective reaction within an interaction with a specific outgroup member Often has a strong impact on an individual\s chronic enduring outgroup affect o You can positively alter chornic outgroup affects through positive episodic outgroup affect Can be similar or different from the chornic outgroup affect ------- Effects of categorizing ppl into ingroups and outgroups: Ingroup assumed to be more similar in beliefs Evaluvated more favourably Reciepients of more positive behavipr by the perciwever then members of the outgroup Found to be more attractive by the perceiver White ppl tend to see the black culture as promoting values contrary to the protestant work ethic work and achieve --- Aversive Racism prejudice towards African Americans that characterizes many white Americans attitudes o Truly believe that they are egalitarian regard themselves as being not prejudiced o Possess negative feelings about African Americans o If they can, they will express negative attitudes and feel no affective consequences (preserving self from conflict related negative affect) the mosque in texas Low-Prejudice individuals o Also truly believe they are egalitariano When a situation threatens to make these negative feelings salient, these people try to dissociate themselves by acting more positively o If they meet a black person they will act extra nice ---- Theorietical model of intergroup anxiety (Stephan and Stephan) o Anxiety has a disruptive effect on the behaviors thought and feeling of the outgroup members and the perceiver o People experience anxiety Leads to increased stereotyping Why? o Affective consistency process (cuing more negative cognitions) if you are sad you have sad thought thus if you are anxious you have more negative cognitions o Increased reliance on expectancies Because of decreased cognitive capacity Avoidance of future intergroup contact Attempts by the perceiver to control others o When there has been minimal prior contact with outgroup or their has been
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