Textbook Notes (362,842)
Canada (158,078)
Psychology (9,549)
PSYC12H3 (294)
Chapter 1

chapter 1

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michael Inzlicht

Chapter One: Introduction to study of Stereotyping and Prejudice Formation of groups is key evolutionary social behaviour o hw, negative things happen as a result: We have a tendency to favour members of our own groups (ingroups) vs those that dont belong (outgroups) o Even when group membership is arbitrary (like a minimal grouprandom assignment to groups A and B) ppl tend to prefer their own group o Although seems evolutionarily advantageous, negative outcome is PREJUDICE o PREJUDICEnegative feelings about other groups. o STEREOTYPEShaving certain characteristics associated with certain groups o DISCRIMINATIONadd Defining Stereotyping o Stereotyping=tendency for ppl to think of someonesomething in similar terms based on common features shared by each. Its a way of simplifying confusing info from the world using representations that serve as templates o Stereotypes help us determine what social info is important or irrelevant in our environment This however, causes us to accept stereotype consistent information and reject schema inconsistent info o Stereotypes are culture-dependent Stereotyping is a Normal Psychological process o Often viewed as a lazy, irrational, illogical way of processing the world. However, other psychologists distanced themselves from the idea that someone who stereotypes have something intrinsically wrong with them The Social-Cognition Definition: www.notesolution.com
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