Textbook Notes (368,774)
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Psychology (9,697)
PSYC14H3 (216)
Sisi Tran (101)

Ch 12.psyc14.docx

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Sisi Tran

Ch 12: mental health Hikikomori: state of social withdrawal Cultures vary in the ways that parents deal with their children What is a psychological disorder? - some kind of impairment to the individual - dhat syndrome – disorder seen in South Asian cultures where men are believed to leak semen (source of mortality for South Asian cultures), which causes them to be anxious; often associated with feelings of guilt and anxiety abt having indulged in disapproved sexual acts - but if you were to bring dhat syndrome to NA, ppl in NA don’t value semen as a precious resource so it won’t be considered a syndrome bc americans would likely not feel guilt when engaging in acts that cause them to lose semen Culture-bound syndromes - greatly influenced by cultural factors - eg: hikikomori and dhat  Eating disorders - anorexia nervosa: one refuses to maintain a normal body weight, be fearful of weight gain and deny the seriousness of one’s low body weight, females miss 3 consecutive menstrual cycles - bulimia nervosa: one indulges binge eating and then engage in behaviors to prevent weight gain such as self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives or excessive exercise) - anorexia nervosa and bulimia are culture bound syndromes, but anorexia may be considered universal even tho it might have some cultural factors linked with it  Koro (meaning: the head of a turtle) - fear that one’s penis or nipples are shrinking into one’s body - culture bound syndrome (bc it is absent in most cultures)  Amok - acute outburst of unrestrained violence, associated with indiscriminate homicidal attacks, preceded by a period of brooding and ending with exhaustion and amnesia - primarily occurring in males, instigated by stress, lack of sleep and alcohol consumption  Hysteria - women exhibit symptoms such as fainting, insomnia, sudden paralysis, temporary blindness, loss of appetite for food or sex and a general “tendency to cause trouble” - sometimes referred to as “the great neurosis”  Other culture-bound disorders - Frigophobia : fear of catching cold, hence, ppl dress themselves in heavy coats and scarves even in the summer - Susto: peculiar condition in which a person feel that a frightening experience has caused their soul to get dislodged from their bodies leading to psychological and physical symptoms - Voodoo death: ppl fear that a curse has been put on them or they have broken a taboo, which results in a severe fear reaction that sometimes leads to their own death - Latah: ppl fall into some kind of transient dissociated state after some kind of startling event such as being tickled or thinking that they have seen a snake. Ppl exhibit unusual behavior such as barking like a dog, shouting sexually charged statements and retains no memory of the outburst - Malgri: a syndrome of territorial anxiety; when afflicted individuals enter the sea or a new territory without engaging in the appropriate ceremonial procedures, they blv that they are invaded by a spirit who makes them physically sick, tired and drowsy - Agonias: anxiety disorders with symptoms that include a burning sensation, loss of breath, hysterical blindness, sleeping and eating disorders - Brain fag syndrome: complaints of intellectual and visual impairment and a burning sensation in the head and neck. Ppl develop the syndrome after excessive mental work such as studying for an exam - Ataques de nervios: condition where emotionally charged settings such as a funeral or family conflicts, lead to symptoms such as palpitations, numbness and a sense of heat rising to the head Universal syndromes  Depression - sadness, feelings of futility and a loss of energy - if its severe enough, a person might be diagnosed with a major depressive disorder (MDD) - p. 471 - bipolar disorder: ppl experience manic episodes and sometimes extreme euphoria and optimism to the point of impairing their judgment - somatization: experiencing symptoms primarily in their bodies -
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