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PSYC14H3 (219)
Sisi Tran (101)


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sisi Tran

Ch10: living in multicultural worlds - cultures are not homogeneous entities with clear-cut boundaries - there are no societies that have just one cultural bg, everyone is exposed to diff cultural bgs Difficulties in studying acculturation - acculturation: when ppl migrate to and learn a culture that is different from their original (or heritage) culture - consistent conclusions for acculturation is difficult for researchers bc ppl are exposed to varying experiences What happens when people move to a new culture? - involves psychological adjustment (acquiring new language, learning new interpersonal and social behaviors, learn to accustom to new values  Changes in attitudes toward the host culture - Migrants: those who move from a heritage culture to a host culture that includes those who tend to stay temporarily and those who intend to move permanently - heritage culture : their original culture - host culture : their new culture - sojourners : migrants that stay only temporarily - immigrants : migrants that tend to move permanently - common pattern of adjustment to acculturation. In the first few months, ppl have very +ve feelings abt the host culture (“honeymoon stage”), but over time this gives way to the –ve feelings associated with “culture shock”. Over time, ppl often develop +ve feelings abt the host culture (adjustment stage) - culture shock: feeling of being anxious, helpless, irritable and in general, homesick that one experiences on moving to a new culture - the U-shaped adjustment curve is not limited to being in a foreign country; sojourners can go through the same adjustment stages after they return back to their home country as well (they might not feel like they’re at home – experiencing “reverse culture shock” - timing of the stages may vary - trying to adjust as a migrant to a homogenous society like japan would be extremely challenging - the success of ppl’s acculturation experiences seems to be influenced by the homogeneity of the society to which they are trying to acculturate  Who adjusts better? o Cultural distance (btwn the heritage and host culture) - is the diff btwn two cultures in their overall ways of life - hypothesis: the more cultural distance someone needs to travel, the more difficulty that person will have acculturating - an indirect measure of acculturation is language performance (ppl’s confidence with host culture’s language greatly affects how they identify with that culture - ppl do not actually have to leave their country to be confronted with acculturation – sometimes it is imposed on them by a colonial force o Cultural fit - degree to which an individual’s personality is more similar to the dominant cultural values in the host culture - the greater the cultural fit of a person with the host culture, the more easily he or she should acculturate to it o Acculturation strategies - Strategies (p. 396) 1) whether ppl attempt to participate in the larger society of their host culture 2) whether ppl strive to maintain their own heritage culture and identity as members of that culture - integration strategy: ppl here have +ve views abt their heritage and their host culture – seeking the best of both worlds, they want to fit in and fully participate in the host culture while at the same time striving to maintain the traditions of one’s heritage culture - marginalization strategy (least common): the strategy that involves little or no effort to participate in the host culture or maintain the traditions of the heritage culture; they have –ve views toward both their heritage and their host cultures - assimilation strategy: ppl attempt to fit in and fully participate in the host culture while making little or no effort to maintain the traditions of one’s heritage culture; +ve attitudes toward host culture and –ve toward heritage culture; desire to leave behind the ancestral past - separation strategy: ppl make efforts to maintain the traditions of the heritage culture while making little or no effort to participate in the host culture – composed of +ve attitudes toward heritage culture and –ve toward host culture  Some pitfalls of acculturation - not all cultural habits picked up along the way are beneficial - sometimes acculturating to american habits in terms of drinking, alcohol and obesity is not good Different but often unequal - diff cultures are not all treated with equal respect – prejudice and discrimination have always been rampant - stereotype threat: fear that one might do sth that will confirm a –ve stereotype abt one’s grp - study done to look at stereotype threat and performance results: ~ in the “no race prime” condn, the African-american and European-American students did equally well ~ in the “race prime” condn, the AA performed significantly worse than they “no race prime” condn. The stereotype that AA do worse on intellectual tasks was activated and in
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