Textbook Notes (368,192)
Canada (161,707)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYC14H3 (215)
Sisi Tran (101)
Chapter 12

PSYC14 Chapter 12

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Sisi Tran

Chapter 12: Living in Multicultural Worlds Difficulties in Studying Acculturation - Acculturation: the process by which people migrate to and learn a culture that is different from their original/heritage culture. - Few commonalities occur for all acculturating individuals and this makes it challenging to identifying common patterns. - Migrants: those who move from a heritage culture to a host culture and include those who intend to stay only temporarily (sojourners) and those who intend to move permanently (immigrants). What Happen When People Move to a New Culture? - Changes in attitudes toward the host culture  Honeymoon Stage: initially, people tend to view their experiences in new cultures to be pleasant and exciting (tourists).  Crisis of Culture Shock: the earlier thrill of having novel experiences wears off and these experiences become tiring and difficult (recent migrants experience homesickness).  Culture Shock: the feeling of being anxious, helpless, irritable and homesick that one experiences on moving to a new culture.  Adjustment: after the crisis stage, most people start to adjust and begin to enjoy their experiences more (tends to extend over a number of years). ○ Reverse Culture Shock: find themselves puzzling over why they do not quite feel at home any more in their home country. ○ In homogenous societies (Japan), the adjustment phase takes longer than heterogeneous countries (US). - Who adjusts better?  Cultural Distance: the difference between two cultures in their overall ways of life. ○ The more cultural distance someone travels, the more difficult that person will acculturate. ○ Language and establishing interpersonal relationships with members of the host culture are some predictors of ease of acculturation. ○ People do not have to leave their country to be confronted with the need to acculturate to new set of values (different cultures in different areas).  Cultural Fit: the degree to which an individual’s personality is more similar to the dominant cultural values in the host culture. ○ The greater the cultural fit of a person with the host culture, the more easily he should acculturate to it. ○ People with more independent self-concepts would be a better cultural fit in individualistic societies (US).  Integration Strategy: attempting to fit in and fully participate in the host culture while at the same time striving to maintain the traditions of one’s heritage culture. ○ Most common strategy people pursue (best of both worlds). 1 ○ The strategy that results in the lowest degree of acculturative stress. 2  Marginalization Strategy: involves little/no effort to participate in the host culture or to maintain the traditions of the heritage culture. ○ Least common strategy (negative view towards both cultures).  Assimilation Strategy: attempt to fit in and fully participate in the host culture while making little/no effort to maintain the traditions of one’s heritage culture. ○ Potential cost is the loss of one’s heritage culture and accompanying social support networks and a sense of disconnection with the past.  Separation Strategy: involves efforts to maintain the traditions of the heritage culture while making little/no effort to participate in the host culture. ○ Bear the cost of rejecting the host culture and is accompanied by the individuals being rejected by the host culture too.  Need for Cognitive Closure (NCC): a desire to have a definite answer to a question. ○ People high in NCC will adopt an acculturation strategy that is affected by their early experiences in the host culture. ○ People high in NCC who connect with their compatriots at the beginning of their sojourn will adopt a separation strategy; if not connected, they will adopt an assimilation strategy. ○ People low in NCC will not be affected by their initial experiences in the new culture and will not be as influenced by the social network they first encounter. - Pitfalls of Acculturation:  People adopt even the bad and unhealthy customs by the host country (smoking, drinking and unhealthy eating causing obesity). ○ Japanese – having the longest life expectancy, moving to the US are more likely to get a coronary heart disease than those who stay in Japan (those who acculturated with American lifestyle). ○ People become more obese as they acculturate to the US customs.  Many immigrant groups ar
More Less

Related notes for PSYC14H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.