Textbook Notes (368,426)
Canada (161,877)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYC18H3 (275)
Chapter 4

Book/ Chapter 4

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC18H3
Professor
Michelle Hilscher
Semester
Summer

Description
Chapter 4 To document how people flirt, Givens and Perper. What they discovered was a layered and varied language by which women and men negotiate romantic inclinations. In the initial attention-getting phase, men roll their shoulders and raise their arms with exaggerated gestures that allow them to show off potential signs of their social status their well-developed arms or flashy watches. At the same time, women smile coyly, they look askance, they flick their hair, and walk with an arched back and swaying hips. In the recognition phase, women and men gaze intently at each other, they express interest with raised eyebrows, sing- song voice, melodious laughter, and subtle lip puckers. Finally, in the keeping-time phase, the potential partners mirror each others glances, laughter, gaze, and posture, to assess their interest in one another. Five kinds of nonverbal behaviour Often single words like smile fail adequately to describe the language of nonverbal communication. To help clarify the study of emotional communication, Paul Ekman and Wallace Friesen organized the language of nonverbal behaviour into five categories. First is the category of emblems: nonverbal gestures that directly translate into words. Well-known examples for English speakers include the peace sign, the rubbing of one forefinger with the other to say shame on you, and in the late 1960s, the raised, clenched fist for Black Power. Emblems vary in their meanings across cultures. A second category of nonverbal behaviours is the illustrator, a nonverbal gesture that accompanies our speech, and often makes it vivid and visual. We make hand gestures most of the time when we speak spend a few minutes observing. McNeill has shown that these gestures slightly precede the corresponding words we say. Regulators are nonverbal behaviours that we use to coordinate conversation. People look and point at and orient their bodies toward people whom they want to start speaking. They look and turn their bodies away from those they wish would stop speaking. A fourth kind of nonverbal behaviour is the self-adaptor, which refers to nervous behaviours people engage in with no seeming intention, as if simply to release nervous energy. People touch their necks, tug at their hair, jiggle their legs, and stroke their chins. Finally there are nonverbal expressions or displays of emotion: signals in the face, voice, body, and touch that convey emotion. www.notesolution.com
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