Textbook Notes (368,794)
Canada (162,165)
Psychology (9,697)
PSYC18H3 (275)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1

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Michelle Hilscher

Chapter 1 Approaches to Understanding Emotions Nineteenth century founders Charles Darwin: The evolutionary approach o Published book and described how living things have evolved to be adapted to their environments o 1838 most believe god had given humans special facial muscles that allowed them to express uniquely human sentiments unknown to animals Darwin however stated that humans are descended from other species (we are animals) o He observed emotional expressions in nonhuman species as well as in adult and infant humans First to use questionnaires sent out printed questions to diff cultures o In his book he answered 2 main questions How are emotions expressed in humans and other animals? Where do our emotions come from? Concluded that emotional expressions derive largely from habits that in our evolutionary or individual past had once been useful reflex like mechanisms o In Darwins eye emotions link us to our past, both the past of our species and to our own infancy o Argues universality of expressions William James: The bodily approach o James argued against the commonsense idea that when we feel an emotion it impels us to a certain kind of activity that if we were to meet a bear in the woods we ould feel frightened and run Instead, James thought that when we perceive the object of fear (bear) as he put it, then the emotion is the perception of change
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