Textbook Notes (362,790)
Canada (158,054)
Psychology (9,545)
PSYC18H3 (274)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 text book notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michelle Hilscher

Chapter 3 - cultural understandings of emotions Construction of emotions in the west distrust of emotions; emotional = irrational; Plato - emotions arise from the lower part of the mind and pervert reason; Darwin - expression of emotions are obsolete, vestiges of our evolution from the beasts and of our development from infancy not consistent - guarantee of authenticity , best guide to our true selves; Solomon - emotions are the life force of the soul, the source of most of our values Romanticism - period that started around 1750 in Europe, in which primacy of the natural and of the emotions was stressed, as compared with the artificial and with the dictates of convention (valued in personal life, politics, literature, and philosophy Rousseau - articulation of the Romantic spirit; religious sensibility is based on how you feel rather than on authority, or on scripture, or on arguments for the existence of God; cultivated pursuits as artificial and corrupting; education should be natural and peoples natural emotions indicate what is right (feelings of their conscience) o Social Contract - rallying call for the Jacobins in the French Revolution; help fuel the American War of Independence 1800 Romanticism - firmly part of western culture, inseparable of individual freedom; inspired art - fascinated by the natural wild scenery; writers explored ordinary life, over artificial lives of aristocrats, explored childhood, dreams, far-away places, exotic - way of discovering inner emotional truths o Shelley - Frankenstein - one of the worlds first science fiction stories; prompted by conversation about experiments in which electricity was used to stimulate muscle movements in dead creatures settings amid wild scenery, emphasis on the natural, distrust of the artificial, apprehension of humans arrogantly overstepping their boundaries core beliefs about human nature; emotions as original, primordial, authentic causes of behaviour; powerful forces often at odds with more deliberate, rational thought embodied in science and codified in cultural conventions Elements of a cultural approach to emotion values, concepts, and ideas about the self, as expressed in art forms, rituals, social practices and institutions, shape how members of particular societies experience emotion; not universal assumptions of cultural approaches - www.notesolution.com
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