Textbook Notes (368,875)
Canada (162,227)
Psychology (9,697)
PSYC18H3 (275)
Chapter 5

PSYC18 Chapter 5.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Gerald Cupchik

PSYC18 Chapter 5  James and lange said emotions are in the bodily sensations  ANS  Emotion specific activation in ANS?  Do some body changes support action like fight or flight?  To what extent is emotion based on activation of ANS?  Do body changes produce experience of emotion?  Is body really primary organ of emotional experience? ANS  Maintain internal condition of the body  Parasympa branch = restorative processes  Reduce heart rate and increase digestive process  Sympa branch increases heart rate, BP, and CO and shuts down digestive processes  Associated with defensive, aggressive, and sexual behaviour.  Sympa and Parasympa branches  pANS has vagus nerve at top and sacral region (bottom) of spinal cord  decreases HR and BP  dilates arteries to facilitate blood flow  increases blood to clit and penis  moving food through GI tract  constricts pupils and bronchioles  secretion of fluids in digestive glands, saliva, and tears  sANS  increases heart rate and BP and CO  vasoconstriction  contraction in organs during orgasm  contract piloerector muscles around the hair on our arms, neck, and back (thermoreg)  increases glycogenolysis and frees fatty acids in blood stream  reduces activity of natural killer cells (immune system)  James lange theory = theory of autonomic specificity  Many pathways and many ways in which responses could combine  Each emotion has specific combination etc.  Cannon’s critique of ANS specificity  Body changes produced by brain  Similar changes during similar emotions  Arousal response and release of hormone adrenaline  Shift of bodily resources to prepare for action (fight, flight, fornicate)  Argued that lange’s pathways were too diffuse and general to account for varieties of emotional experience  ANS responses too slow for how fast we feel emotion or switch emotion  ANS changes that lange claimed were emotion, happen during fever, cold, or asphyxia  We are insensitive to ACTUAL (physical) autonomic sensations  Too dull to give rise to emotions  People feel little sensation from cut or burn to intestines  Two factor theory of emotion (schacter and Singer)  Shift emphasis on bodily responses to how people construe situations as the source of different emotional experiences  Undifferentiated physiological arousal  Emphasis on appraisal  When there is no source available attribution, people blame current situation.  Misattribution of arousal. People who have just exercised find cartoons funnier and erotica more arousing  Physical arousal and sometimes arousal from certain emotions can transfer to other situations and alter our emotional experience of social world.  Evidence for autonomic specificity in emotions – support james lange theory  People thought that emotion = elevated sANS arousal  Eckman and friesen played with the facial muscles and noticed they “felt” differently  Directed facial action task = put your face like this, measure ANS response  Hypotheses = all emotions involve sANS activation. Negative emotions increasing it and positive ones decreasing it.  Found that 4 negative emotions differ on certain measures of autonomic activity  Not a big heart rate increase for disgust  More GSR for fear and disgust but not anger and sadness  Increased finger temp for anger than fear  Found that when facial expressions were better display of emotion, judged by experts, and they reported more of an emotional feeling, autonomic response was more pronounced  Conducted same shit with people in Indonesia and found similar results to suggest the shit might be universal.  In an imagery induced emotion thing, no difference noted among emotions WRT physiological response. Real life inductions yielded physiological response  The blush  One ANS response different from the others  Associated with several states: modesty, embarrassment, shyness, and shame as per Darwin  Blush is product of self-focused attention  When we direct attention to any part of the body, blood flows to that region  In shyness or embarrassment, we think, “they can see my FACE.” So we blush  Negative self focused attention. – embarrassment  We blush when we are the objects and recipients of undesirabl
More Less

Related notes for PSYC18H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.