Textbook Notes (363,473)
Canada (158,372)
Psychology (9,573)
PSYC18H3 (274)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Textbook Notes

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Michelle Hilscher

PSYC18: The Psychology of Emotion Chapter 1: Approaches to Understanding Emotions For over two thousand years, many thinkers have argued that our emotions are base and destructive and that the more noble reaches of human nature are achieved when our passions are controlled by our reason. We begin by looking at three theorists: Darwin, James, and Freud, who laid foundations not just for our understanding of emotions but for the whole fields respectively of evolutionary biology, psychology, and psychotherapy. Charles Darwin: The Evolutionary Approach In 1872, Charles Darwin, the central figure in modern biology, published the most important book on emotions written yet J The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872). Earlier, in The Origin of Species (1859) he had described how living things have evolved to be adapted to their environments. Many psychologists and biologists assume that Darwin proposed that emotions had functions in our survival, but he did not argue this. Darwin began writing notes on his observations of emotions in 1838. At that time, the accepted theory was that God had given humans special facial muscles that allowed them to express uniquely human sentiments unknown to animals. LoL}]L[ZZ}7Z}7ZZZKLZZ L}K}Zer species: we are not only closer to animals than had been thought, but we ourselves are animals. In his book on emotions, Darwin asked two broad questions that guide emotion researchers today. First, how are emotions expressed in humans and other animals? Second, Darwin addressed, where do our emotions come from? Darwin concluded that emotional expressions derive largely from habits that in our evolutionary or individual past had once been useful. These are based on reflex-like mechanisms For Darwin, emotional expressions showed the continuity of adult human behavioural mechanisms with those of lower animals and with those of infancy. He thought that emotional expressions were like vestigial parts
More Less

Related notes for PSYC18H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.