Textbook Notes (369,205)
Canada (162,462)
Psychology (9,699)
PSYC18H3 (275)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC18H3
Professor
Michelle Hilscher

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Description
Chapter 4Communication of EmotionsFive Kinds of Nonverbal BehaviourWords like smile fail adequately to describe the language of nonverbal communication1 EmblemsNon verbal gestures that translate to wordspeace signOver 800 emblems have been analyzedVary in their meaning across cultures2 Illustrator A nonverbal gesture that accompanies our speech and often makes it vivid and visualMovement of hands facial features torso head etc3 RegulatorsNonverbal behaviours that we use to coordinate conversationPeople look and point at and orient their bodies toward pple whom they want to start speaking They look and turn their bodies away from those they wish would stop speakingAllow for pple to easily designate who is to speak and who is not4 SelfadaptorRefers to nervous behaviours pple engage in with no seeming intention as if simply to release nervous energyTouch their necks tug at their hair jiggle their legs and stroke their chins5 Nonverbal expressionsdisplays of emotionSignals in the face voice body and touch that convey emotionFacial Expressions of EmotionsHow can we differentiate emotional expressions from other kinds of nonverbal behaviourSeveral characteristics have been identified that differentiate emotional expressions from other nonverbal behaviourMost of these criteria have been establishedin the study of facial expression although we expect some these criteria to apply to oter kinds of emotional communication as wellCriteria1 Expressions of emotion tend to be fairly brief lasting btwn 1 and 10 secsEx a smile accompanying enjoyment will typically start and stop within a span of 10 seconds but a polite smile with little actual emotion will be VERY brief or either VERY LONG2 Facial expressions of emotion involve involuntary muscle actions that pple cannot produce when they feel like it and cannot suppress even when instructed to do soEx facial expression of anger involves the action of the muscle that tightens around the mouth3 Emotional expressions should have their parallels or homologues in the displays of other species If emotions derive from our evolutionary heritage then certain elements of human affective displays should be seen in other speciesStudies of the Universality of Facial ExpressionsDarwin proposed 3 principles to explain why emotional expressions have the appearance that they doPrinciple of serviceable habitsExpressive behaviours that have led to rewards will reoccur in the future
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