Textbook Notes (362,734)
Canada (158,032)
Psychology (9,545)
PSYC18H3 (274)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Textbook

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Gerald Cupchik

Chapter 3: Cultural Understandings of Emotions The difference between people on Ifaluk and our own The construction of emotions in the West Distrust of emotions o Plato (375 BCE) thought emotions arise from the lower part of the mind and pervert reason o Darwin (1872) implied that in human adults, expressions of emotions are obsolete, vestiges of our evolution from the beasts and of our development from infancy We in the West think that emotions are very guarantee of authenticity, our best guide to our true selves Romanticism: emotions came to be valued in personal life, in politics, in literature, and in philosophy o The Romantics were fascinated by the natural; wild scenery, previously thought barbarous, began to be valued o Writing itself became a way of discovering inner emotional truths o Emotion, experienced and accepted, became an ideal to be cultivated Mary Shelley Frankenstein, one of the worlds first science fiction stories o Where many themes of Romanticism are present In the Romantic movement, we see core beliefs about human nature, and about emotions as original, primordial, authentic causes of behavior, that are alive today The elements of a cultural approach to emotion Values, concepts, and ideas about the self, as expressed in art forms, rituals, social practices and institutions, shape how members of particular societies experience emotion, and that these matters are not universal A cultural approach involves the assumption that emotions are constructed primarily by the processes of culture Second assumption is that emotions can be thought of as roles that people fulfill to play out culture-specific identities and relationships o the emotion falling in love accomplishes a transition, from one structure of social relationships to another Batja Mesquita contends that cultural approaches focus on the practice of emotion, n contrast to the potential for emotion o Potential means asking whether people of different cultures, if put in an appropriate experimental situation, would be capable of showing certain universal emotional responses in terms of experience, expression, and physiology o Practice refers to what actually happens in peoples emotional lives The self-construal approach: independent and interdependent selves The Declaration of Independence prioritized the rights and freedoms of the individual, and it protected the individual from having those rights and liberties infringed by others Confucious emphasized the importance of knowing ones place in society, of honoring traditions and roles, and of thinking of others before the self Two kinds of self-construal: www.notesolution.com
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