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Canada (161,663)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYC18H3 (275)
G Cupchik (49)
Chapter 4

Chapter Four

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G Cupchik

Chapter FourPage 1 of 5Chapter Four Communication of EmotionsGivens and Perper studied single peoples behaviour in bars to find what predicted whether someone would pursue a romantic encounter o Men roll their shoulders and raise their arms with exaggerated gestures that allow them to show off potential signs of their social status o Women smile coyly look askance flick their hair and walk with arched backs and swaying hips o In the recognition phase they gaze intently at each other express interest with raised eyebrows singsong voice melodious laughter and lip puckers o They explore their interest with provocative brushes or accidental bumps o In the keepingtime phase they mirror each other Five Kinds of Nonverbal BehaviourOften single words like smile fail to describe the language of nonverbal communicationEkman and Friesman organized the language of nonverbal behaviour into five categories o Emblems nonverbal gestures that directly translate to words peace signVery in meaning across cultures o Illustrator a nonverbal gesture that accompanies our speech and often makes it vivid and visualOur hand gestures slightly precede the corresponding words we sayWe also make facial gestures and nod our head etc o Regulators nonverbal behaviours that we use to coordinate conversationPeople look and point at and orient their bodies toward people whom they want to start speaking toAllows for civil conversation o Selfadaptor refers to nervous behaviours people engage in with no seeming intention as if simply to release nervous energy o Nonverbal expressions or displays of emotion signals in the face voice body and touch that convey emotion Facial Expressions of EmotionThe markers of emotional expressionsSeveral characteristics have been identified that differentiate emotional expressions from other nonverbal behaviour o Expressions of emotion tend to be fairly brief 1 to 10 secondsa polite smile that doesnt accompany the experience of emotion might be even more brief quarter of a second or it might endure for some time when smiling politely for the course of a party o Facial expressions of emotion involve involuntary muscle actions that people cant produce when they feel like it and cant suppress even when instructed to do soAngertightens mouth muscles
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