Textbook Notes (369,203)
Canada (162,462)
Psychology (9,699)
PSYC18H3 (275)
G Cupchik (49)
Chapter 1

Chapter One

6 Pages
28 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC18H3
Professor
G Cupchik

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Description
Chapter OnePage 1 of 6Chapter One Approaches to Understanding Emotions Nineteenth Century FoundersCharles Darwin the evolutionary approachThe expression of the emotions in man and animals 1872The origin of species 1859 o Described how living things have evolved to be adapted to their environmentsHe observed emotion expressions in nonhuman species as well as in adult and infant humansCross cultural studies questionnairesAsked to observe particular expressions in other culturesDarwin concluded that emotional expressions derive largely from habits that in our evolutionary or individual past had once been useful These are based on reflexlike mechanismsThought of emotional expressions like vestigial parts of our bodiesOur emotions link us to the pastboth the past of our species and our own infancyHelped provide descriptions of facial expressionsArgued for the universality of expressionsThought that emotions have useful functions tooWilliam James the bodily approachThe principles of psychology 1890William James argued against the commonsense idea that when we feel an emotion it impels us to a certain kind of activitythat if we were to meet a bear in the woods we would feel frightened and runInstead James thought that when we perceive the object of fear a bear the exciting fact as he put it then the emotion is the perception of changes of our body as we react to that fact When we feel frightened James thought what we feel is our heart beating our skin cold our posture frozen or our legs carrying us away as fast as possibleHe focuses on the nature of emotional experienceThe core of an emotion is the pattern of bodily responsesOur experience of many emotions is the set of changes in the ANSEmotions give colour and warmth to experienceSigmund Freud the psychoanalytic approachProposed that certain events can be so damaging that they leave psychological scarsCase of KatharinaEmotions are at the core of many pathologies Philosophical and Literary ApproachesAristotle the conceptual approachEmotions are connected with actionEmotions depend on what we believetheyre evaluations
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit