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G Cupchik (49)

Chapter Seven

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G Cupchik

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Chapter SevenPage 1 of 8Chapter Seven Appraisal Knowledge and Experience Two kinds of processUnconscious and automaticreflexiveprimary appraisalPotentially conscious and thoughtlikegives rise to specific emotionssecondary appraisal Appraisal and EmotionGeneral consensus is that for events to prompt emotions they must be evaluated or appraised in relation to the individuals goals Historical background and definitionsChrysippus distinguished between first movements of emotions automatic and second movements mental and involve judgment and decision o We cant avoid the first movements they are made simply by the body But since the second movements involve thought they are more up to usThe second movements of bad emotions later became known as the seven deadly sinsThe idea of first and second movements maps exactly onto the idea of primary and secondary appraisalsRichard Lazarus o Studied stressa condition in which personal challenges exceed the persons capacitiesresources o Produces vigilant attention and heightened activity in the sympathetic branch of the ANS o Adaptive in the short term o Chronic stress is dangerous and can lead to mental and physical health problems o Many different kinds of stresso Each kind of stress promotes a particular kind of emotion by means of a specific appraisal processes o He proposed that appraisals involve judgments of how good or bad an event is o It concerns the persons goals and aspirations and how theyre interacting with the environment o Emotions refer both to events in the world and to the persons concernsouter world and inner selfStein et al proposed that appraisals that give rise to emotions also involve beliefs inferences and plans These aspects unfold as follows o An event usually unexpected is perceived that changes the status of a valued goal o Beliefs are often challenged this can cause bodily changes and expressions to occur o Plans are formed about what to do about the event to reinstate or modify the goal and the likely results of the plans are considered
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