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Psychology (9,443)
PSYC18H3 (273)
G Cupchik (49)
Chapter 5

Chapter Five

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School
University of Toronto Scarborough
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC18H3
Professor
G Cupchik
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter FivePage 1 of 7Chapter Five Bodily Changes and EmotionUntil 1884 people argued that the experience of an emotion follows the perception of an emotionally exciting event Emotional experience in turn generates emotionrelated bodily changes Emotion originates in the mindWilliam James principal founder of American psychology changed thishe located the origins of emotional experience in the body He contended that at emotionally exciting fact provokes bodily responses which in turn lead to the experience of emotionHe said that every emotion involves a distinct bodily reverberation detected by the autonomic nervous systemand by neural signals from the workings of our musclesIf you took away the physiological sensations of an emotion James argued you would only be left with an intellectual state Emotion would be absentHis counterintuitive analysis points to five questions o Is there emotionspecific activation in the ANS o Do bodily changes support specific kinds of action such as flightfight o What extent is the experience of emotion based on activation of the ANS o Do bodily changes produce the experience of emotion o Is the body really the primary organ of emotional experience The autonomic nervous systemNeural signals from the cortex communicate with the limbic system and the hypothalamus These brain regions send signals through ANS neurons to the target organs glands muscles and blood vessels These structures in turn send signals back via the ANS to the hypothalamus limbic system and cortex The ANS most general function is to maintain the internal condition of the body to enable adaptive response to varying environmental events The parasympathetic branch helps with restorative processes reducing heart rate
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